Mimic to Understand
The Bio-inspired Systems (SBI) team proposes scientific breakthroughs from the understanding of living systems to engineering innovation. A wide range of topics is studied with a biomimetic approach: insect flight, osteogenesis, joint morphogenesis, flexible joints, biological actuators or perceptual and cognitive processes in animals. The applications of this research, in addition to the understanding of nature, allow us to propose frugal, sustainable and resilient solutions to current engineering problems: the design of lightweight structures, flexible or articulated joints, multi-scale actuators, new sensors, autonomous robots; or the treatment of sensorimotor disorders by robotic prostheses.
Keywords: Mechanical and robotic systems, Mechanisms, Dynamics and control of systems, Neuroethology, Animal behavior, Perception, Sensorimotricity, Biomimicry, Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, Biorobotics, Bionics, Bio-inspired Robotics.
The project of SBI team, under the responsibility of Jean-Marc Linares (PR, AMU) and Stéphane Viollet (DR, CNRS) is articulated around two scientific axes:
1) "Biorobotics" axis ; Resp. : Julien Serres (MCF-HDR, AMU)
The "Biorobotics" axis develops interdisciplinary scientific projects around the design and realization of robots and bio-inspired sensors. The coupling between the structure of the robot and its biomimetic perceptive system will allow the robots to develop more resilient navigation strategies to the disturbances and hazards related to the real indoor and outdoor environments in which they will move.
The research work of the "Biorobotics" axis is oriented around three scientific issues:
1- Bio-inspired GPS-free navigation and bio-inspired locomotion
2- Perception for robotics and patient-specific prosthetics
3- Agility and resilience
2) "Bio-inspired mechanisms" axis ; Resp. : Julien Chaves-Jacob (MCF-HDR, AMU)
The research hypothesis of the "Bio-inspired mechanisms" axis is that nature offers optimal, frugal, resilient solutions in the field of movement and that these bio-inspired solutions can provide advances and innovations in the fields of mechanics and biomechanics.
The research work of the "Bio-inspired mechanisms" axis is oriented around three research themes:
1- Bio-inspired part structure of long bones,
2- Bio-inspired mechanical links in morphogenesis,
3- Bio-inspired actuators and dissipators.