A stand-alone polarimetric acquisition system for producing a long-term skylight dataset

  • Poughon Léo
  • Monnoyer Jocelyn
  • Viollet Stéphane
  • Aubry Vincent
  • Serres Julien R

  • Skylight Polarization
  • Navigation
  • Deep Learning
  • Heading
  • Celestial Compass
  • Polarized Vision


Skylight polarization phenomenon is at the origin of a recent growing interest for bio-inspired navigation. Skylight based orientation sensors can be simulated on the basis of physical models. In parallel, machine learning algorithms require a large amount of data to be trained. However, while some simulated databases already exists in the literature, a public database composed of real-world color polarimetric images of the sky in various weather conditions does not. In this study, a long-term experimental device is presented, designed to be left in a distant roof to acquire data over several months, using a Division-of-Focal-Plane polarization imager with a fisheye lens mounted on a rotative telescope mount. An open-source mechanical and electrical design is proposed for easy replication at other locations, with an algorithm to get the sensor's orientation and geometrical calibration in the East-North-Up frame. A sample one-month long dataset is provided on a public archive.