Osteogenic Potential of a Polyethylene Glycol Hydrogel Functionalized with Poly-Lysine Dendrigrafts (DGL) for Bone Regeneration

  • Roumani Sandra
  • Jeanneau Charlotte
  • Giraud Thomas
  • Cotten Aurélie
  • Laucournet Marc
  • Sohier Jérôme
  • Pithioux Martine
  • About Imad

  • Poly-lysin dendrigraft
  • Hydrogel
  • Bone regeneration scaffold
  • Stem cell chemotaxis
  • Osteogenic potentia


Resorbable hydrogels are widely used as scaffolds for tissue engineering. These hydrogels can be modified by grafting dendrimer-linked functionalized molecules (dendrigrafts). Our aim was to develop a tunable poly(L-lysine) dendrigrafts (DGL)/PEG-based hydrogel with an inverse porosity and to investigate its osteogenic potential. DGL/PEG hydrogels were emulsified in a surfactant-containing oil solution to form microspheres. The toxicity was evaluated on Human Vascular Endothelial Cells (HUVECs) and Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells (hMSCs) with Live/Dead and MTT assays. The effects on HUVECs were investigated through C5 Complement expression by RT-PCR and C5a/TGF-β1 secretion by ELISA. Recruitment of hMSCs was investigated using Boyden chambers and their osteogenic differentiation was studied by measuring Alkaline Phosphatase activity (ALP) and BMP-2 secretion by ELISA. Adjusting the stirring speed during the emulsification allowed to obtain spherical microspheres with tunable diameters (10–1600 µm). The cell viability rate with the hydrogel was 95 and 100% with HUVECs and hMSCs, respectively. Incubating HUVECs with the biomaterial induced a 5-fold increase in TGF-β1 and a 3-fold increase in Complement C5a release. Furthermore, HUVEC supernatants obtained after incubation with the hydrogel induced a 2.5-fold increase in hMSC recruitment. The hydrogel induced a 3-fold increase both in hMSC ALP activity and BMP-2 secretion. Overall, the functionalized hydrogel enhanced the osteogenic potential by interacting with endothelial cells and hMSCs and represents a promising tool for bone tissue engineering.