Minimum Five Years Follow-Up of Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Morphometric Implants in Patients With Osteoarthritis.

  • Villeneuve Florent Bernard De
  • Jacquet Christophe
  • Puech Stephane
  • Parratte Sébastien
  • Ollivier Matthieu
  • Argenson Jean-Noël

  • TKA
  • Tibial tray
  • Morphometric implants
  • Survivorship functional outcome


BACKGROUND: The use of morphometric implants in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has shown better early clinical outcomes compared to conventional implants. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the functional outcome and the implant survivorship of a morphometric TKA at a minimum of 5 years of follow-up. METHODS: From May 2012 to June 2015, all patients undergoing primary TKA with a single design of morphometric posterior-stabilized prosthesis (Persona; Zimmer) in a prospective observational single-center study were evaluated. The Knee Society Scoring System (KSS) and the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) were completed preoperatively, 1, 3, and 5 years postoperatively. Kaplan-Meier was used to calculate survivorship of the implants. The average follow-up was 75 months. RESULTS: In total, 237 TKAs were performed in 235 patients with a mean age of 73 years (49-90). The KSS Knee Score increased from 44.7 (13-64) preoperatively to 93.6 (71-100), the KSS Function Score from 45.8 (17-69) to 92.2 (51-98), and the KSS Satisfaction Score from 26.6 (16-51) to 41 (35-55) at 5 years of follow-up. Similarly, for the KOOS score, a significant improvement of all the subscales was observed at 5 years of follow-up. Implant survival without reoperation at 5 years of follow up was 98.72% (95% confidence interval 0.95-1.00). CONCLUSION: This is the first study demonstrating that significant improvements of the functional scores with good survivorship can be achieved at a minimum of 5 years of follow-up with TKA using morphometric implants.