PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess and compare the prevalence of meniscal, ligament and cartilage lesions on knee MRI in a series of age- and sex-matched patients with and without medial meniscal ossicle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two knee MRI examinations obtained in 42 patients (36 men, 6 women; mean age, 42.5±22.2 [SD] years; range: 19-65years) on which a medial meniscal ossicle was present were compared to 42 knee MRI examinations obtained in 42 age- and sex-matched patients (36 men, 6 women; mean age, 41.8±20.6 [SD] years; range: 19-65years) on which no medial meniscal ossicles were present. Two radiologists (R1, R2) blinded to the presence of meniscal ossicle by reading only the fat-saturated intermediate-weighted MR images separately assessed the presence of meniscal, ligament and cartilage lesions on these 84 knee MRI examinations. Prevalence of meniscal and ligament lesions and degree of cartilage degradation at MRI were compared between knees with and those without medial meniscal ossicle. RESULTS: In knees with medial meniscal ossicle, R1 and R2 detected 33 (79%) and 38 (90%) medial meniscal lesions, respectively that involved the posterior root (n=25/32 for R1/R2), the posterior horn (n=19/14 for R1/R2) or the body (n=8/10 for R1/R2). The prevalence of posterior root tear (60% [25/42]/76% [32/42] for R1/R2) and that of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) lesions (48% [20/42]/57% [24/42] for R1/R2) as well as the medial cartilage degradation score (3.35±0.87 [SD] for R1 and 3.92±0.78 [SD] for R2) were significantly greater in knees with than in knees without medial meniscal ossicle (root lesions: P\textless0.01 for both readers; ACL lesions and medial cartilage score: P\textless0.01 for both readers). CONCLUSION: On MRI examination, knees with a medial meniscal ossicle demonstrate a greater frequency of medial posterior root tear and of ACL lesions and a greater degree of medial femoro-tibial cartilage degradation by comparison with knees without medial ossicle.