Biological properties of a neutralized 2.5% sodium hypochlorite solution

  • Aubut Virginie
  • Pommel Ludovic
  • Verhille Bernard
  • Orsière Thierry
  • Garcia Serge
  • About Imad
  • Camps Jean


Objectives. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of neutralizing a 2.5% NaOCl solution on its cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, and tissue-dissolving potential. Study design. The cytotoxicity and the genotoxicity of Dakin, a 2.5% NaOCl solution, and a neutralized 2.5% NaOCl solution were assessed according to ISO 10993 standards. The weight of palatal mucosa samples placed in neutralized 2.5% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl was recorded over time as well as the pH of the solutions. Results. The neutralized 2.5% NaOCl solution was 10-fold more cytotoxic than the 2.5% NaOCl solution. None of the solutions was genotoxic. The 2.5% NaOCl solution had a better tissue-dissolving capacity than the neutralized 2.5% NaOCl solution. The pH of the 2.5% NaOCl solution and neutralized 2.5% NaOCl solution decreased from 12 to 9 and from 7.5 to 5.6, respectively. Conclusion. Neutralizing a 2.5% NaOCl solution increased its cytotoxicity, did not induce any genotoxic effect, and reduced its tissue-dissolving ability.