The elaboration of dentin-pulp engineering strategies requires the investigation of not only progenitor cell potentials but also their interactions with other non-progenitor “supportive” cells. Under severe caries lesions, progenitor cells may be activated by growth factors released after the acidic dissolution of carious dentin. However, dentin regeneration has also been observed after traumatic injuries without any significant dentin dissolution. This raises questions about the origin of signals involved in progenitor cell activation, migration, and differentiation. Study models such as the entire tooth culture and co-cultures of pulp and endothelial cells highlighted the role of interactions between the different pulp cell types and the pivotal role they play in dentin regeneration. Injured pulp fibroblasts secrete growth factors involved in progenitor cell activation and differentiation as well as neoangiogenesis which may pave the pathways for progenitor cell migration. This appears to be the first paper to focus on this very important field in dental pulp biology.