Osteoporosis prevention among chronic glucocorticoid users: results from a public health insurance database.

  • Trijau Sophie
  • Lamotte Gaëlle
  • Pradel Vincent
  • Natali François
  • Allaria-Lapierre Véronique
  • Coudert Hervé
  • Pham Thao
  • Sciortino Vincent
  • Lafforgue Pierre

  • Bone Mineral Density
  • Corticosteroids
  • Osteoporosis

ART

INTRODUCTION: Long-term glucocorticoid therapy is the leading cause of secondary osteoporosis. The management of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) seems to be inadequate in many European countries. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate of screening and treatment of GIOP. DESIGN: Information was collected from a national public health-insurance database in our geographic area of Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur and in Corsica, from September 2009 through August 2011. PATIENTS: We identified participants aged 15 years and over starting glucocorticoid therapy (≥7.5 mg of prednisone equivalent per day during at least 90 days consecutive). This cohort was compared with an age-matched and sex-matched population that did not receive glucocorticoids. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Bone mass, prescription of bone antiresorptive medication and use of calcium and/or vitamin D treatment. RESULTS: We identified 32 812 patients who were prescribed glucocorticoid therapy, yielding 1% prevalence. Incidence of glucocorticoid therapy was 2.8/1000 inhabitants/year. Males represented 44%, the mean age was 58 years. The median prednisone-equivalent dose was 11 mg/day (IQR 9-18 mg/day). 8% underwent bone mass measurement. Calcium and/or vitamin D, and bisphosphonates were prescribed in 18% and 12%, respectively. Results were lower for the control population: 3% underwent bone mass measurement and 3% received bisphosphonate therapy. The rates of osteodensitometry and treatments were higher in women over 55 years of age than in men and women 55 years of age and younger, and also when glucocorticoid therapy was initiated by a rheumatologist versus other physician specialty. CONCLUSIONS: The management of GIOP remains very inadequate, despite the availability of a statutory health insurance system. Targeted interventions are needed to improve the management of GIOP.