Allografts are increasingly used in orthopedics. The main aim of the present study was to map the use of locomotor system allografts in France between 2012 and 2016. The study hypothesis was that there are great differences in the distribution and activity of tissue banks and graft preservation procedure quality, failing to meet national requirements. Material and methods: Data from activity reports of the French Biomedicine Agency (ABM) were collected for the period 2012-2016. Existing viral inactivation procedures were described. Preliminary results from a study of allograft requirements by the French Society of Arthroscopy (SFA) were reported. Results: Nineteen tissue banks were located. Four dealt exclusively with cryopreserved tissue, 3 exclusively with virus-inactivated bone, and 12 with both. Distribution analysis found wide disparities in geographic location and in type of activity. Viral inactivation is presently implemented only for femoral heads derived from hip replacement. Stocks of long bones, femoral heads and ligaments/tendons increased constantly over the study period, by 8.3%, 50.8% and 316.2% respectively. The SFA questionnaire confirmed a serious shortage of tissues, necessitating importation of allografts. Discussion: Each tissue bank had its own specificities and specialization. They should probably be coalesced, so as to centralize both supply and demand and improve nationwide response to requirements. Locomotor system tissue harvesting also needs to be expanded to meet increasing demand. (C) 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.