Insect-inspired vision for autonomous vehicles

  • Serres Julien
  • Viollet Stéphane

  • Bio-inspired robotics
  • Biorobotics
  • Bio-inspired sensors
  • Biomimicry
  • Bionics

ART

Flying insects are being studied these days as if they were agile micro air vehicles fitted with smart sensors, requiring very few brain resources. The findings obtained on these natural fliers have proved to be extremely valuable when it comes to designing compact low-weight artificial optical sensors capable of performing visual processing tasks robustly under various environmental conditions (light, clouds, contrast). Here, we review some outstanding bio-inspired visual sensors, which can be used for either detecting motion in the visible spectrum or controlling celestial navigation in the ultraviolet spectrum and for attitude stabilisation purposes. Biologically inspired visual sensors do not have to comprise a very large number of pixels: they are able to perform both short and long range navigation tasks surprisingly well with just a few pixels and a weak resolution.

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