If revision is required, most unicompartmental arhroplasties (UKAs) are converted to total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) and conflicting results regarding surgical complexity and outcome have been reported in publications. 48 UKAs converted to a TKA between 1998 and 2009 were matched based on age, gender, and body mass index, pre-operative Knee Society Score, length of follow-up, and date of the index surgery to 48 primary TKAs and 48 revision TKAs. Surgical characteristics, clinical outcomes, and complications were compared at a mean follow-up of 7 +/- 4 years. Even if a revision of UKA is technically less demanding than a revision TKA, functional scores, quality of life, complications and survival rate after revision UKA are more comparable to a revision than primary TKA. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.