Background Cryoablation is playing an increasing role in the percutaneous treatment of bone tumors. However, despite its potential advantages over heat-based ablation techniques, the clinical safety and efficacy of cryoablation have not been established for osteoid osteoma treatment. Purpose To evaluate percutaneous CT-guided cryoablation for the treatment of osteoid osteoma in young patients and adults. Materials and Methods This retrospective study reviewed data from 50 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous CT-guided cryoablation for the treatment of osteoid osteoma between January 2013 and June 2019 in a single institution. In 30 of 50 patients (60%), the procedure was carried out with the patient under local anesthesia and conscious sedation, with the cryoprobe covering the lesion from an extraosseous position, avoiding direct penetration of the nidus. Clinical and radiologic features, procedure-related data, visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores, complications, and overall success rate were evaluated. Statistical analyses were performed by using the nonparametric Friedman test and Wilcoxon signed rank test for repeated measures. Results Fifty patients (median age, 24 years; interquartile range [IQR], 19-38 years; 31 men) underwent CT-guided cryoablation for the treatment of osteoid osteoma, with a 96% (48 of 50 patients) overall clinical success rate. Of the two patients without clinical success, one patient had incomplete pain relief and the other experienced a recurrence of osteoid osteoma at 11 months, which was successfully treated with a second cryoablation procedure. The median VAS pain score was 8 (IQR, 7-8) before the procedure and 0 (IQR, 0-1; P \textless .001) after the procedure at both primary (6 weeks) and secondary (18-90 months) follow-up. Three of the 50 patients had minor complications (6%); no major complications were reported. Conclusion Osteoid osteoma was safely, effectively, and durably treated with CT-guided percutaneous cryoablation. In the majority of patients, treatment could be performed without general anesthesia, with the cryosphere covering the nidus from an extraosseous position. © RSNA, 2021.