BACKGROUND: Component rotation likely plays a greater role on the survivorship and outcomes of total knee arthroplasties than is currently known. Our goal was to evaluate the precision, interobserver reliability, and intrarater reliability of tibial component rotation as measured by computed tomography (CT) scan, regardless of measurement technique. METHODS: Three fellowship-trained, academic arthroplasty surgeons independently measured tibial component rotation on CT scans of 62 total knee arthroplasties using their methods of choice. Measurements were repeated at least 2 weeks after the initial measurement. The precision of the measurements was assessed using a formal 8-step protocol as the gold standard. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were calculated to evaluate precision, interobserver agreement, and intrarater reliability RESULTS: The interobserver agreement between the 3 surgeons for tibial component rotation was also moderate (ICC = 0.52). The intrarater reliability of tibial rotation was excellent (ICC = 0.81). Comparison of surgeons' measurement to a validated gold standard revealed only moderate precision for tibial component rotation (ICC = 0.64). CONCLUSION: Practicing surgeons measuring tibial rotation were internally consistent, but failed to demonstrate satisfactory precision and interobserver agreement. We support the adoption of standardized criteria for the measurement of tibial component rotation on CT scans.