Pathophysiology of Dental Caries

  • Conrads Georg
  • About Imad


Carious lesion dynamics are dependent predominantly on the availability of fermentable sugars, other environmental conditions, bacteria, and host factors. Our current understanding of the microorganisms involved in the initiation and progression of caries is still rather incomplete. The most relevant acidogenic-aciduric bacterial species known to date are Streptococcus mutans , bifidobacteria, and lactobacilli. Whereas mutans streptococci are initiators, bifidobacteria and lactobacilli are more enhancers for progression. Boosters for microbial activity are specific